Bones, joints, arthritis, teeth  & gums:

Bone health:  90% of the matrix proteins in bone, which forms the scaffolding for minerals (calcium & phospate) are made from collagen (Department of Washington Education), so collagen can strengthen bones by helping to stimulate the creation of bone forming cells called osteoblasts and helps win mineralized bone matrix formation (Liu, 2014; Guillerminet et al, 2010).  After 4 to 24 weeks collagen supplementation (10 g) has been found to increase bone mass density, helping treat osteoporosis (Normura, Oohashi, Watanabe, & Kasugai, 2005; Wu, et al., 2004). Regarding Osteopenia, a study of women found that those taking calcium mixed with collagen chelate (12 months) faired better in that they experienced less bone mineral density loss than women not taking these supplements (Elam et al, 2015).

Joint health: Type II collagen has an anabolic effect on cartilage tissue, so it can help with osteoarthritis and activity-related joint pain (Clark, et al., 2008).  Hydrolyzed collagen (10 g per day) can decrease joint pain, even when the pain is severe (Moskowitz, 2000; Ruiz-Benito, et al., 2009).

Arthritis: back and neck problems and surgery associated pain is helped by type II collagen.  Glycine, a natural anti-inflammatory, helps with pain management (Aragon & Lopez-Corcuera, 2003;Peat 2006).  Oral collagen hydrolysate is absorbed intestinally and moves into the cartilage.  The presence of the collagen then increases the synthesis of extracellular matrix macromolecules, improving pain and functioning of the joints (Bello & Oesser, 2006).  Rheumatoid arthritis is helped as collagen decreases joint swelling (Trentham et al., 1993). Those with osteoarthritis have reported an improvement in the quality of life, an enhancement in daily activities and improved sleep (Crowley et al., 2009).

Teeth & Gums: collagen (types I and V) is present both in tooth enamel and (type III) within the germ (new tooth material).  Collagen supplements improve bone density, including that of the jaw, the papilla, or gum tissue, and the teeth and even the alveolar bone (holds tooth in socket).  Collagen peptides stimulates new bone growth (Carpentier, 2015).

Gums: collagen helps maintain healthy gum tissue (Wright, 2014).  This is very important as 80% of all illnesses can be traced to oral health.

Information is for educational purposes only, seek professional medical advice.  References on reference page.